GYMNASTICS DIABETIC EFFECTIVE LOWERING BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL IN DIABETIC TYPE II PATIENTS

Rosa Delima Ekwantini, and Umi Istianah, and Maria H. Bakri, (2015) GYMNASTICS DIABETIC EFFECTIVE LOWERING BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL IN DIABETIC TYPE II PATIENTS. In: The second International Nursing and Health Science Student and Health Care Professional Conference 2015, 13 - 15 November 2015, Faculty of Nursing Hasanudin Universty.

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Abstract

Introduction : WHO predicting global prevalence of diabetics tipe II increasing from 171 million people in 2000 to 366 million people in 2030, and Indonesia ranked fourth. Aerobic exercise and if the exercise is done three times a week can lower blood glucose levels in diabetic patients (Miharja, 2000 ). In doing physical exercise diabetic patient prefers doing gymnastics diabetic because it is done together with other diabetic patients so that more enjoyable. Results of research conducted in Puskesmas Jetis I Bantul showed 40 % of patients with diabetes mellitus type II in Puskesmas Jetis I Bantul follow gymnastics which was held Puskesmas every single week . 63 % of patients with diabetes mellitus type II exercise routine at home in the form of walking . ( Nurmalita , 2011). The aims of study to know the effectiveness of diabetes gymnastics lowering blood glucose, blood pressure and weight in patients with diabetic type II Methods: The study was Quasi experiment: non equevalen control group. 15 enrolled participants do gymnastics diabetics three times a week as a intervension group and 15 enrolled participants do gymnastics diabetics one week as a control group. Data were analyzed using unpaired t test and Mann - Whitney. Results: The mean decrease in blood glucose levels in the intervention group was 18.76 mg / dl (± 23.309) and the control group of 2.8 mg / dl (± 36.099), the results of Mann - Whitney was obtained p value = 0.032 (p <0.05 ) A decrease in the average blood glucose levels in those who did gymnastic diabetic 3 times a week was 18.76 mg / dl occurred due to reduced insulin resistance. This happens because the gymnastic activities is a dynamic physical activities that involve groups of muscles - the main muscle. This condition is caused by dilated arterioles and capillaries that cause the nets more open capillaries so that insulin receptors are more active (Suyono et al, 2007). The mean reduction in systolic blood pressure in the intervention group was 13.73 mmHg (± 18.422) and the control group 20.60 mmHg (± 12.082) and unpaired t test results obtained p = 0.166 (p> 0.05). The mean weight loss of 0.8 kg in the intervention group (± 1.69) and the control group 0.2 Kg (± 4.039) test results Mann - Whitney was obtained p = 0.018 (p <0.05) Conclusion: Diabetic Gymnastics effective in lowering blood glucose levels, weight loss. Keywords; Diabetes Mellitus , Blood glucose level , Gymnastics diabetes , weight loss

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: perawat
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2018 05:53
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2018 05:53
URI: http://eprints.poltekkesjogja.ac.id/id/eprint/601

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