THE CORRELATION OF BODY MASS INDEX WITH SHIVERING OF SPINAL ANESTHESIC PATIENTS IN RS PKU MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA

Andri, Susilowati and Sri, Hendarsih and Jenita, Doli Tine Donsu (2017) THE CORRELATION OF BODY MASS INDEX WITH SHIVERING OF SPINAL ANESTHESIC PATIENTS IN RS PKU MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA. skripsi thesis, Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Shivering is the most common complications of spinal anesthesia. Risk factors for intra-anesthetic shivering include age, duration of operation, cold environmental temperature, and low BMI. A low BMI is easier to lose heat since there is more chances that the body decreases the temperature to increase heat production. The objective is to finding out the correlation of BMI with shivering in spinal anesthesia patient, the frequency of BMI and shivering, the level of closeness of relationship and the risk factor of BMI with shivering. The method is observational analytic using cross sectional approach. The sampling technique is total sampling. The sample of research includes 40 respondents and using Chi Square test. The result of the research is BMI of underweight includes 21 respondents (52,5%) and respondents undergoing shivering equal to 21 respondents (52.5%). Shivering occurs more often in the body mass index of underweight compared with BMI of normal up to overweight. The statistical test of Chi Square results p value 0,005 (p <0,05). The conclusion is there is a correlation of BMI with shivering in spinal anesthesia patients. Respondents mostly had BMI of underweight and most shivering. The level of closeness of the correlation is moderate. Keywords: Spinal anesthesia, Body Mass Index, Shivering INTISARI Shivering merupakan komplikasi yang sering terjadi pada teknik anestesi spinal. Faktor risiko terjadinya shivering intra anestesi antara lain umur, lama operasi, suhu lingkungan yang dingin dan IMT rendah. IMT rendah lebih mudah kehilangan panas sehingga tubuh berkompensasi terhadap penurunan suhu tubuh untuk meningkatkan produksi panas. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan IMT dengan kejadian shivering pada pasien spinal anestesi, frekuensi IMT dan kejadian shivering dan tingkat keeratan hubungan. Metode yang digunakan observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan total sampling. Sampel penelitian sebanyak 40 responden dan menggunakan uji Chi Square. Hasil penelitian yaitu IMT kurus 21 responden (52,5%) dan kejadian shivering 21 responden (52,5%). Kejadian shivering intra anestesi lebih tinggi terjadi pada IMT kurus dibandingkan dengan IMT tidak kurus. Hasil uji statistik menggunakan uji Chi Square yaitu p value 0,005 (p < 0,05). Kesimpulan penelitian bahwa terdapat hubungan IMT dengan kejadian shivering pada pasien dengan spinal anestesi. Responden sebagian besar memiliki IMT kurus dan sebagian besar mengalami shivering. Tingkat keeratan hubungan sedang. Kata kunci: Anestesi spinal, IMT, Shivering

Item Type: Thesis (skripsi)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spinal anesthesia, Body Mass Index, Shivering
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email server@poltekkesjogja.ac.id
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2017 03:06
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2017 03:06
URI: http://eprints.poltekkesjogja.ac.id/id/eprint/287

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